The word “revolution” defines itself as a sudden paradigm shift in a plethora of sectors and platforms of many, exclusively manufacturing sectors, transportation, agricultural industry and many more. The word revolution replaces its quality in the energized form of production in fruitful or even in some times foisting upon people through technology of cyber, digitization, nanotechnology, quantum mechanism etc., A very brief mentioning here about the three-industrial revolution:
First Industrial Revolution (18th C)
Witnessed in 18th C- with water, steam, humans and animals were widely used in the production
Second Industrial Revolution (19th)
The power of electrical, oil and gas
Third Industrial Revolution (20th)
Computers were used as digitization in manufacturing sectors, data collection and data sending in production
Fourth Industrial Revolution (21st)
Nanotechnology, automation, smart machines are being used in the manufacturing sectors.
This article primarily focuses on the part of the fourth industrial revolution, which we all witness and experience in the manufacturing companies, technological factories, production factories of very need of human. Smart machines and smart factories are termed in the fourth industry revolution. It is a boon in the field of medical and biomedical engineering. So that human beings’ lifespan would be increased. For instance, ‘pace maker ‘– artificial heart is fixed with human body. it is called bionics. because, man is amalgamated with machine or electronic device to assist the human beings’ lifespan to be extended.
Though we are in the fourth industrial revolution, it is expected and that we are living in the end of the fourth industrial revolution. Man of Machine and Machine of Man (MMMM) has been ubiquitously and widely used in fields of unnumbered. Especially in the field of medicine 3D image of inner organs are portrayed clearly for the better treatment and medication. Not only is that but also it helps physician to perform surgery. Nano technology is an ultra- advanced development of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0).
Nanotechnology is a very essential and inevitable and unavoidable technology with the combination of computerization, advancement of quantum or quanta and the proper technology. The nanotechnology is making the element which is hard to bend can be bent, the chemical which is unreactive can be reactive, material which is non-transparent can be transparent. The eventual result of the nanotechnology is impossible is possible.
The outcome of the technology of nanotechnology is a Nano tube. Nano tube is a tiniest one not like a chip. There is an advance method found called nanobot, which is used to eliminate or reduce the onco-bacterial, malignant and tumor present in human cells. This development is a boon in the medical industry. The consumer who is affected by cancer can avail this sort of treatment to prolong the life. In the field of Nanomedicine, human beings are saved from the near thanato-stage. Nanotechnology in the field of medicine has advanced the following artificialities:
Micro-bivoral phagocytes (artificial white blood cells)
Clottocytes (artificial blood platelets)
Respirocyte nanobots (artificial mechanical red blood cells)
Already we are advancing third biometric generation. The third biometric generation and the fourth industrial revolution combined together in the field of the industry, there would be a great change or a great paradigm shift in a plethora of fields.
If we have the fifth industrial revolution takes place in the country, there would be an unforeseen and uncountable lay off in the manufacturing sectors or industries. Why digitization and cyber – assisted program is used in the general industrial revolution?
The digitization and cyber-assisted program are used mainly in the manufacturing industries. Therefore, manufacturing industries are fully dependent on the digitation and cyber assisted program. In future in the arrival of the fifth industrial revolution might bring all kinds of virtual and augmented reality. The students of any discipline must have learnt the digitization – skills, computerized techniques, collecting data and sending data in the productive and logical mode alone. If the present generation called “Z” must have acquire knowledge and skills in the digitization rather computer assisted. According to the paradigm shift from the industrial revolution we are marching towards to fifth industrial revolution. The term revolution may define either negative or positive. In the first part of fifth Industrial Revolution the world might be a half machine and a half human being.
The advancement of AI – Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning would be the most domineering factors in all the events of human beings’ private life, official life and professional life. The learners of 21st century either in arts and science, engineering, medical, legal practice, and etc. Therefore, mere acquiring knowledge in the respective fields would never help or promote a learner to achieve more and more without the skills of fundamental digitized skills or techniques of AI and Data Science. Along with generic papers in higher education, the Z generation learners and the teachers of Z generation must acquire the skills of fundamental or intermediate skills of digitization and AI assisted.
Assistant Professor & Head
Department of English
Government Arts and Science College
Lalgudi, Trichy TN 621712