Prime Minister Modi’s Masterstroke Will Hit China, Electricity to Be Supplied to Nepal-Bangladesh via India

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China’s investments in hydroelectric projects in Nepal have raised concerns about its influence in the region. However, a strategic move by India aims to counter China’s presence and provide electricity to its neighboring countries, Nepal and Bangladesh. This article explores Prime Minister Modi’s masterstroke and its implications for China, as well as the current electricity situation in Nepal and Bangladesh.

China’s Problem: Curbing Chinese Influence and Surplus Electricity

China’s investments in hydroelectric projects in Nepal have made it a stakeholder in the electricity generated in the country. However, if China were to produce electricity on a large scale in Nepal, it would face the problem of surplus electricity. China lacks alternative means to utilize the surplus electricity due to its inability to establish reliable connections for electricity transmission from Nepal. This situation curbs China’s influence on the neighboring countries and poses a challenge for its energy plans.

Electricity Situation in Nepal: Capacity and Future Projects

Nepal’s electricity sector has witnessed significant development with the involvement of Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN), an Indian company. SJVN is implementing three electricity projects in Nepal, with a total capacity of 2059 MW. Among these projects, the construction of the 900 MW Arun-3 HEP is in the advanced stage. Additionally, the 490 MW Arun-4 HEP will be jointly developed by SJVN and the Nepal Electricity Authority through a joint venture. SJVN has set an ambitious target of 5000 MW of electricity projects in Nepal by 2030, showcasing the potential for further growth in the sector.

Electricity Situation in Bangladesh: Shortage and Future Demand

Bangladesh, a neighboring country of India, currently faces a significant gap between electricity demand and supply. The country is grappling with an electricity shortage and depends on its neighboring countries to meet its electricity needs. With the present capacity of 25,700 MW, Bangladesh requires a projected 34,000 MW of electricity by 2030. This growing demand makes Bangladesh increasingly reliant on its neighboring countries, making India an attractive option to fulfill its electricity requirements.

Electricity Route Map: Enhancing Cross-Border Transmission

Currently, electricity exchange between Nepal and India occurs through a transmission line connecting Surkhet in Nepal to Muzaffarpur in India. However, plans are underway to establish additional transmission lines to reach Bangladesh. The development of transmission lines between Gorakhpur in India and Nepal is also in progress. Notably, India already has an existing transmission line connecting it with Bhutan. Leveraging these transmission lines, electricity will be supplied to Bangladesh, strengthening regional connectivity and cooperation.

The strategic move by Prime Minister Modi to supply electricity to Nepal and Bangladesh via India marks a significant development in regional dynamics. By meeting the electricity needs of these neighboring countries, India curtails China’s influence and establishes stronger ties with its neighbors. This masterstroke showcases India’s commitment to the “Neighbourhood First Policy” and positions India as a reliable energy partner in the region. With ongoing projects and future plans, the cooperation in the electricity sector between India, Nepal, and Bangladesh sets the stage for increased regional integration and shared prosperity.

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